Asperger & Autism
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by lack of appropriate eye contact, facial expression, social interaction, communication and restricted repetitive behavior. ASD represents a group of disorders including Autism, PDD, and Asperger’s Disorder.
Studies have shown that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder have brain patterns that are dysregulated. Some areas have excessive connectivity while others are lacking the connections needed. In normal brain development, neuronal connections are eliminated through a process called “pruning”. This process refines normal connections and increases the efficiency in the remaining connections. One possibility that researchers are considering is that there is less “pruning” in children with autism.
While there is no cure for ASD, symptoms can be improved and managed more effectively if treatment is started while the child’s brain is still developing. Neurofeedback supports the development of normal patterns of social interaction and communication.
Neurofeedback uses computer technology to develop new and healthy brain patterns, which lead to more functional behaviors. Some studies have shown a 2-3% reduction in autistic symptoms with each neurofeedback session.
The research on neurofeedback and autism spectrum disorders, while still in its infancy stages, is proving very promising. A 2006 school based study showed drastic improvements in classroom behavior, including a 64% reduction in autistic behavior after 28 neurofeedback sessions.